Plastic surgery was originally – the branch of medicine designed to relieve a person from the exterior of obvious shortcomings, such might be the post-traumatic injury or congenital illnesses. For example, blepharoplasty, or Eyelid surgery – is to remove age-related changes of the upper and lower eyelids, or abdominoplasty – removal of fat from the lower abdomen. Blepharoplasty or Eyelid surgery – a surgical correction of age-related changes or other defects of the upper and lower eyelids. With age, skin loses its elasticity and youthful look. Unfortunately, these changes are especially noticeable on the face. Bags under the eyes and hernias, fat accumulation and stretched skin deep wrinkles – all this gives our face a tired look that often old us for many years. Such changes are in addition to the exterior may also adversely affect the eyesight of man.

Incident or severe upper eyelid interferes with normal vision, because of this, his eyes very tired, especially clearly manifested in the evening. Eyelid surgery is used for such changes to the face, how to stretch and relax the skin around the eyes, swollen bags under eyes, deep horizontal wrinkles under his eyes, hereditary and age-related changes in age. Most often, blepharoplasty (eyelid) Seek Women of 35 years, but lately more often on this type of operation recorded and young women and men. Such kind of operations can achieve a marked rejuvenating effect, as a result of eyelid, in most cases, it remains for life. As a single operation eyelid surgery infrequently used, and combined with other types of face correction, as surgery and cosmetology ways, as blepharoplasty is not able to correct the deficiencies of all ages the skin. Abdominoplasty – one of the complex surgical procedures to rid the patient of the irregularity in the proportions of the anterior abdominal wall and trunk, resulting from hyperextension of muscles and increasing the thickness skin-folds of fat belly. During a tummy tuck surgeon removes excess skin and subcutaneous fat from the middle and lower abdomen and tightens the muscles of the anterior abdominal wall. Simultaneously with abdominoplasty necessary to remove the umbilical, inguinal hernia or post-operative, if any, and to emphasize the waist, may remove the lower ribs.

Doctors are trying not to combine abdominoplasty with other abdominal operations. Abdominoplasty is usually recommended for patients in relatively good physical shape. Also, you need to know that abdominoplasty obesity can not be cured! Before the scheduled abdominoplasty is necessary to pass Consult a physician. If the patient eats a balanced and supports physical activity, the result of abdominoplasty is stored permanently.

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Bodybuilding and Steroids

Previously, doctors understate the danger of the athletes or those who use anabolic steroids to build muscle and adding strength, however, may disrupt kidney function, follows from a new study. His Results showed that routine use of steroids has a highly adverse effect on the kidneys. Although doctors had tried not to talk about. Most people are well informed, that the use of steroids detrimental to health, but until now, their effects on the kidneys, was not seriously investigated. Leal Herlitts from Columbia University Medical Center and her colleagues conducted the first study on this topic with a description kidney damage after long-term abuse of anabolic steroids. The researchers studied a group of ten builders who for many years actively resorted to steroids. They found reduction of protein in the urine and the serious deterioration of kidney function. Survey kidney bodybuilders showed that 9 out of 10 bodybuilders brought his body to the state, which is called "focal segmental glomerulosclerosis (form scarring in the kidneys). This disease usually occurs when the kidneys are overloaded "work." Damage to the kidneys in bodybuilding has similarities with the phenomenon that is observed in morbid obesity, but scientists warn Columbia University, and complications of bodybuilders are concerned more.

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