Palmares Art

Palmares continued to struggle even after the victory of the Netherlands. Dutch attempt to pacify the rebels, sent to the Palmares expedition experienced and well-armed soldiers with a bang failed because the Africans invented the martial art which was called "jungle fighting", they staged an ambush – and Capoeira is a key component of these sudden attacks. Capoeira as a weapon and a symbol freedom of the Africans managed to inflict considerable damage to the Dutch forces, due to sudden and unpredictable movements. And even when the Dutch campaign yet ended in victory, returned to the plantation slaves retained their martial art and taught him his comrades. On Sundays, the slaves were engaged in capoeira, masking the deadly martial art with dance, music, song and ritual. Over the next twenty-five years in the colonies broke eleven rebellions, and May 13, 1888 slavery abolished. After the cancellation of some slaves who knew capoeira hired bodyguards for politicians.

By the beginning of the 90s of the XIX century some very influential members of high society were capoeira. Sensing danger, the government organized a special unit to monitor the situation, and failing, they have introduced a strict system of punitive measures to put an end to this martial art. Was later adopted even more stringent law under which any person, known as capoeiristas, subject to expatriation. Implementation of law enforcement was requested ruthless police chief named Sampaio. Fine owning the techniques of capoeira, Sampaio headed the special unit of the same trained fighters. However, capoeira provided strong resistance and received support from many senior officials, so Sampaio not cope with task.

Among the other subversive activities, these events led to the formation of black militia, mostly capoeira, who spoke in opposition to the president and did not respond to police control. It Then the war with Paraguay, and the militia sent to the front, from where they returned as national heroes. A law banning capoeira, abolished in 1920, but the art itself has taken the guise of folk dance, becoming a more acceptable for society. However, still had to hide from the police, and each capoeirista could be up to three nicknames. In 1937, the President invited Mestre Bimba to demonstrate their art in the capital. Representation proved so successful that Mestre won government permission to open the first capoeira school in Brazil. The years passed and the Senate passed a bill proclaiming Capoeira the national sport. Today capoeira ingrained in Brazilian culture and entered not into one corner of the world.



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