Amongst the innumerable contributions of the theories of administration for nursing, the following ones can be detached: ) Scientific administration of Taylor: rational organization of the work. b) Classic theory of Fayol: general principles of administration (to plan, to organize, to command, to co-ordinate and to control). c) Theory of the relations human beings: humanizao of the organization, leadership, communication and dynamics of group. d) Mannering theory: motivation human being, styles of administration and the power to decide process. e) Sistmica theory: sistmica vision of the organizations.
For everything this, the nurse needs, beyond the specific knowledge of the nursing, to know the administrative proceeding and its theories, to apply them in the decisions of its ability, with ability, confidence in itself and effectiveness. The administration can all be considered the base of the nursing process. Therefore, it is not an exclusive privilege of the manager, but a function of each component of the team of distributed nursing gradual, as the level of responsibility and hierarchy. In any work that nurse develops, three factors is gifts: DECISION – ORGANIZATION – EXECUTION. (5) The NURSE AS MANAGER Historically we can stand out that the old organizacional model of the SUS, centered model, where the federal sphere was the only one that it withheld the autonomy of the decisions of the planejamentos and executions of goals for the health thus leaving the cities and states without autonomy. Soon, for the displayed one we had one diminished participation of the process of decentralized management, what it limited the performance of the local professionals in scope; but with the reform in the principles norteadores of the SUS, that started to value the decentralization of the assistance and by means of this fact the levels of administrative sphere had been attributed to the abilities in all (Union, State and City). Propitiating an increase in the number of managers in health, with the busy positions in secretariats of health or agencies equivalents, thus fomenting the decentralization of planejamentos action in local character.
Mary, March 1st 2014 |
The medicines are of basic importance for the recovery of the health, but they are not exempt of risk, being able to become extremely dangerous in certain situations. Beyond the risk to the health, when used of form irrational they also cause unjustifiable economic losses, they is esteem that about 50% of the patients they abandon total partially or the established treatments or commit errors in the administration of medicines, what can lead to the aggravation of its state of health (GICK; YOU WOULD MAKE, 2005). These data are important, to the measure that they indicate not only I aggravate it to the health of the patients, but also one significant increase of the expenses of the health system. Such fact if becomes individually critical in the public sector, where the deficiencies in the primary attention result in such a way in the overload of the too much levels of attention to the health as in the rise of the costs for the maintenance of system (GICK; YOU WOULD MAKE, 2005). Healthy Living: the source for more info. 3,2 Pharmaceutical attention in Brazil In 2001, a group of entities and institutions, worried about the magnifying of the pharmaceutical attention in Brazil, instituted the Managing Group in Pharmaceutical Attention, under the coordination of the Organization Pan-American of the Health, that resulted the proposal of a Brazilian Consensus of Pharmaceutical Attention, being this considered ' ' a model of practical druggist, developed in the set of the pharmaceutical assistance, form integrated to the health team. The direct interaction of the druggist with the user aims at the rational resulted medicine use and the attainment of better, come back toward improvement of the quality of life (I CASTRATE et al., 2006). This professional considers itself that the direct relation, orientation and accompaniment of the user of the medicine are the moment most important in the work of the druggist, therefore is the privileged retainer of the knowledge on medicines. .
Mary, August 12th 2012 |
The percentage reached in this study was of 74,5% but still thus, (DP) was distant of the point of cut of 30.000, usually associated to the angina of peito2. Conclusion In accordance with the results presented in this study, we suggest that individuals with factors of cardiovascular risk must receive a special orientation in the accomplishment from the exercises leg-press 45 and crucifixo, therefore had presented reply to the double product of significant effort. Although its accomplishment presents an exhausting work to myocardium, these exercises well will have been oriented can promote significant benefits to the practitioners of resisted exercises, as well as the carriers of factors of cardiovascular risk. Future studies are necessary for one better agreement of the influence of these forms of execution on the analyzed 0 variable. References POLITO et. al cardiovascular Resistence exercise in individuals with and without disease.
Am College Sports Med 2000; 101: 828-833.2003 MILK T.C, FARINATTI P.T.V. Study of the cardiac frequency, arterial pressure and double product in exercises resisted diverse for similar muscular groupings. Brazilian magazine of Physiology of Exercise 2003; 2 (1): 29 – 49. Farinatti PTV, Assis B. Types of cerebral palsy has plenty of information regarding this issue. Study of the cardiac frequency, arterial pressure and double-product in exercises against resistance and continuous aerobic organism.
Rev Bras Ativ Fis Health 2000; 5:5 – 16. SIMO, Robert: Analysis of the frequency cardiopath, arterial pressure and double-product in different corporal positions in the resisted exercises. Rev Bras Med Sport _ Vol. 11, N 5 Set/Out, 2005 YASBEK JR, P.; BATTISTELLA, L.R. Physical Conditioning of the athlete to the transplantado one. Aspects to multidiscipline in the prevention and cardiac whitewashing. Savier Medical Book Publishing company Ltda, SP. 1994 WEYNE, G.R of S. Determination of the size of the sample in experimental research in the health area.
Mary, May 22nd 2012 |
Inverse thread: It works the extensores of the fist, long radial extensor of carpo, short radial extensor of carpo, extensor of the fingers. Moreover, it acts on the braquiorradial, the brachial one and in lesser intensity, on the biceps of the arm. It is in foot, legs slightly moved away, extended arms, hands in pronation, to inspire and to bend the antebraos, to die in the end of the movement. A leading source for info: Healthy Living. Tips for Performance: Position for movements in foot: The correct position is of great importance to reach the maximum efetivao of the training. For movements in foot, you it must take ' ' position padro' ' : the feet moved away for more or less the width of the shoulders, knees lightly bent, ndegas lightly stop backwards, with the inferior part of the coasts lightly hooped and intended, erect trunk, lowered shoulders and stop backwards, chest for are (high) with all the return of the rigidly stabilized shoulders, erect head (neutral) and eyes directly for front. Alignment of the elbows: In the majority of the thread exercises, it keeps the elbows directly pointing with respect to low, throughout the sides of its body or only lightly to the front of this. It grasps in the bar in a distance only a little bigger that of the shoulders, where the hands hold of course. This lines up appropriately the tendes guided laterally of the long face of the biceps and help to stabilize the shoulder and to prevent injuries. It keeps the elbows against the body, not to the front or for it are during the movement, to focus the load in the biceps and in such a way to minimize the envolvement of the previous deltoid in the tendes in the area of the elbow how much in the one of the shoulder. Position for seated movements: Same position for the trunk, arms and shoulders if applies for the movements also seated.
Mary, May 8th 2012 |
The main generating factors of stress gifts in the work environment involve the aspects of the organization, administration and system of work and the quality of the relations human beings. The body if prepares for super-strengthens, being capable to process more information on the problem and acts of fast and determined form. Dr. Gerard Addonizio: the source for more info. The problem is that the human body has limited resources and appears the exhaustion. Related with this stress chronic associate to the work and to justify it, appears the Syndrome of Burnout expression of the English language that means combustion complete. According to Kleinman (1998), burnout can reach different professions, in any etria band, but the professions that demand an intense interpersonal contact are the ones that more present high indices of burnout e, between them, meet the professions assistenciais. For France (1977), burnout, in stress, if characterizes for a set of signals and symptoms of physical, psychic and emotional exhaustion, in consequence of me the adaptation of subject to a drawn out, highly estressante work and with intense emotional load, being able to be folloied of frustration in relation itself and to the work. The studies how much to the etiology of stress in the area of the work they are innumerable.
The research on stress associates burnout to the work environment, focusing the frequency, intensity, characteristics, exposition drawn out to the estressores and the chronic process of stress, taking subject to a physical and psychic exhaustion. It is possible that the preparation of one determined group of professionals to face stress nor either always enough to decide habitual situations of its work, giving the appearance of emotional and mannering difficulties that permeiam a personal feeling of failure for the profession incapacity and or place exercise. METHOD Is about a bibliographical, descriptive study. The collection of data if it gave through revision literary that presents the subjects stress in the work of the nurse and relationship nurse-patient, on the basis of the analysis and interpretation of 15 articles, 4 teses and 6 dissertaes, printed and electronic, produced between 1977 the 2007.
Mary, April 27th 2012 |