In fact, addiction is a problem of personality, so it should be treated with psychological methods. Psychotherapy is aimed at resolving his emotional stress, temptation, or undecided in the fight against dependence, as well as address the internal needs of the patient, who had satisfied the drug, and, where possible, rehabilitation and reconstruction of the individual. Chronic poisoning of the body of drug impaired perception of reality, social and emotional immaturity, form a sick person, for which a return to normal life is possible only in case of serious corrections with its long-term psychotherapy and rehabilitation. Psychotherapeutic work begins with examination of the patient. However, serious psychotherapeutic effect only after the disappearance of the manifestations of withdrawal syndrome. Fear, depression, dissatisfaction, feeling of worthlessness and insecurity in social relations are an expression of human inability to adapt to changes in external conditions. A person suffering, feeling isolation from society, which he perceives as hostile toward itself.
Therefore, psychotherapy should focus initially on the moral support, and then re-generation in terms of new positions respect to the world and to himself. As a result, the individual becomes more mature, and the energy due to internal conflict, is released and can be used in new and useful psychological purpose. Home goal of drug treatment – to awaken hope for a better future. First of all, it is necessary that he lost touch with former way of life, and then the therapist should help to develop new socio-appropriate habits. Drug addict for a long time felt themselves thrown out of society begins to realize that he can become a full member. Psychotherapeutic approach depends primarily on the individual characteristics and strength personality, the kind of problems that people trying to solve with drugs, from the mental state of the patient.
Various forms of psychotherapy. When rational psychotherapy is an appeal to conscience and intellect of man to his logic. With hypnotherapy, the patient assumes a passive part in such treatment. Hypnotic session setup creates self-esteem and self-confidence and opportunities destruction of unwanted behaviors. In class group psychotherapy patient shares his thoughts and advice with others, sometimes helping them, and it raises his self-esteem and self- dignity. The patient is discussing with other team members what would he hesitate to speak in other settings, at the same time restoring the communication skills. In family therapy, family members are involved in the process counseling to improve communication and problem solving skills within the family. This avoids the aggressive style of communication and mutual recrimination in the family. Codependency treatment – treatment of the disease affecting close to humans, can develop mutual respect and understanding between family members. Placebo – therapy is used to calm the patient as a result of his belief in a certain effect of this medicine. Whatever were the methods of their goal is one – to maintain patient confidence in the firm not only do away with drugs, but to restore the lost health and good name. Convince the patient to abandon unhealthy behaviors and replace these forms on generally accepted in normal society. The intensive restructuring of the patient's personal work to build the installation at sobriety, building a new kind of relationship and communication. Addiction Treatment – a complex process – this includes medication and psychotherapy. Voluntary treatment – "setting for treatment and abstinence" of the patient – ensure cooperation and understanding physician and patient, and therefore the successful outcome of their joint activities.